The word Passover comes from the Hebrew word pesach. According to Wilson’s Old Testament Word Studies, one of its meanings is to ward off a blow.
On the night that God delivered Israel from Egyptian bondage, the blood of the passover was their token of God’s mercy and grace.
And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. ~ Exodus 12:13
God’s promised was to pass over the people when he saw the blood.
For the Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the Lord will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. ~ Exodus 12:23
Notice that the context of God passing over the door is not passing by but passing over. In other words, God was promising to overshadow or guard the entryway where the blood was applied, to ward off the blow of the death angel.
The blood of the Passover lamb was to be applied on the lintel (over the top of the door,) and on to the two sides of the door. The Israelites were instructed to stay inside where the blood had been applied. God’s promise was: “when I see the blood, I will passover you.”
The blood applied to the lintel (the top of the door) speaks to our vertical relationship with God above. Christ died to reconcile us to God.
The blood applied to the two side posts speaks to our horizontal relationship with our fellow man. 1 John tells us, “if we walk in the light, as he is in the light we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of his Son, Jesus Christ, cleanses us from all sin.” ~ 1 John 5:7
The door represents the place of entry. When we stay under the blood of Christ, the Lord’s presence will keep the door of our heart and life..
Each family’s house was responsible to have the blood applied, and no one was allowed to go out from his house. Likewise, each of us is responsible for appropriating and staying under the blood of Jesus Christ.
1. No one was too good.
2. No one was too bad.
3. The blood delivered all who applied it.