In Acts 2, the Jews who were gathered in Jerusalem, who witnessed the baptism of the Holy Spirit upon the 120 disciples of Jesus, were the descendants of the Israelites who had been scattered by the Assyrians, and some may obviously have been the descendants of the Jews who had not returned to their homeland after the Babylonian captivity.
Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together and were confounded, because that every man heard them SPEAK IN HIS OWN LANGUAGE. And they were all amazed and marveled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? And how hear we every man IN OUR OWN TONGUE, wherein we were born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak IN OUR TONGUES the wonderful works of God. (Acts 2:6-11)
These were mostly Jews born and living in places like Turkey, Iran, Iraq, etc., who had made the pilgrimage to Jerusalem to celebrate Pentecost. Throughout Acts 2, Peter addresses them as “ye men of Israel” and “the house of Israel.”
The Parthians were from the region of central – eastern Turkey to eastern Iran. The Medes were from the northwestern region of Iran. The Elamites were from the far west and southwest part of modern day Iran. The the dwellers in Mesopotamia were from today’s Iraq, and parts of modern-day Iran, Syria and Turkey. Judea is most likely the area known as the West Bank in Israel. Cappadocia was in Turkey. Pontus was in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Asia is far reaching, covering the Asian nations where the children of Israel would have scattered. Phrygia was located in modern day Turkey. Pamphylia was in modern day Turkey. Egypt is in Africa, and Libya is in north Africa. Cyrene was an ancient Greek and Roman city near present-day Shahhat, Libya. Rome is located in the central region of Italy.
These locations coincide with those mentioned in Isaiah 11:10 -11.
“…in that day there shall be A ROOT OF JESSE, which shall stand for AN ENSIGN (signal, or banner) OF THE PEOPLE; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious. And it shall come to pass IN THAT DAY, that THE LORD SHALL SET HIS HAND AGAIN THE SECOND TIME TO RECOVER THE REMNANT OF HIS PEOPLE, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.” (Isaiah 11:10 -11)
Assyria was was located in what is now northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey. Egypt, in Africa, Pathros was in upper Egypt. Cush is believed to be Ethiopia. Elam is modern day Iran. Shinar was Babylonia located in modern day Iraq. Hamath is in Syria.
Something that does not need to be missed here is that Isaiah says, “the Lord shall set his hand AGAIN THE SECOND TIME to recover the remnant of his people.”
The first time, God brought the Jews back to their homeland just as he had promised he would do after the Babylonian captivity, though there were many Israelites who did not return and many settled in the nations where they had been scattered.
Yet, here in Isaiah 11, Isaiah speaks of a SECOND regathering of the REMNANT of his people. The promise here was not a regathering into their homeland, but rather unto their Messiah.
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